Bicast is a type of leather made with a split leather backing and an embossed/impressed layer of polyurethane or vinyl on the top. Full-grain leather is made from hide that has not been split into layers. It comes from the top layer of the hide and includes all of the natural grain. You need to find a cut or torn edge to distinguish a finished split from full grain or corrected grain pigmented leather. Revised 9/17. A horizontal band saw is used to split the tanned leather into two main layers, top-grain leather and split leather. Full grain leather also comes from the outermost layer of a cow’s hide; however, it includes the splint, the fibrous second layer. Full Grain, Split and Bonded Leather Furniture. Split leather is an extremely versatile type of leather and many products can be made with split grain leather like bags, shoes, belts, clothing, furniture, and even car interiors. Split leather has fewer natural markings than top grain, and it's also less expensive. They are a kind of plastic and are widely used. It’s also a cheaper and more affordable real leather option that still has a look and hand feel to top grain leather, though not as durable in the long term. Then there is split grain leather, which is a single piece of leather that is more durable. When genuine leather is processed at the factory, the cowhide is cut into two equal sections. Cow leather is more durable overall when compared with goatskin because of its thicker hide, but each have their own uses, advantages and disadvantages, especially when using them in craft projects. Make sure when you choose a jacket, your getting at least a 1.1 mm thickness of hide, but the thicker the leather, the better quality and safety properties they have. While full-grain leather is more expensive than top grain leather or split leather, it is the highest quality leather that you can buy. Top grain leather is similar to full-grain leather, except that the top couple millimeters have been sanded and buffed to take away imperfections. Top-grain leather is used to make items such as upholstery material, clothing, some shoes and purses. The inner layers are often embossed with an artificial grain pattern and used in less expensive products. It can be produced at manufacturing scales ranging from artisan to modern industrial scale.. Leather is used to make a variety of articles, including footwear, automobile seats, clothing, bags, book bindings, fashion accessories, and furniture. Then it’s stamped with the words “Genuine Leather” to … It is made by removing the outmost layer of the animal hide by sanding and buffing. 1. It is created from the lower remains of the leather after removing the top layer. Quality & Cost. Full grain leather also allows the natural marbling, texture and variety of color in the hide to come through fully. In most cases, products made from full-grain leather last a very long time and it will be the stitching that fails first. A brief overview of each form/type would be as such: Top-Grain – This variation is most common and uses a tanning process in which the top grain layer is sanded and buffed. It is made from tanning animal skins or hides and many different animals are used to make leather. Leather has four basic grains or qualities; those are full-grain leather, top-grain leather, genuine leather, and corrected-grain leather. Bonded Leather vs Leather Gel The bonded leather will wear crack, and peel … Look for split cowhide leather on belts, boots and garments as well as purses and wallets. Top Grain leather is the uppermost — top— layer of a hide. Suede results from splits … In a tannery, the cow leather will be few into a splitting machine; the top layer is the grain layer (highest quality), while the lower layer is known as the split leather. Therefore, split grain leather is often treated with chemicals to enhance the quality and durability as well as restore its original strength. PU is a thermoplastic elastomer. This is referred to as corrected-grain leather. It is functional and beautiful and provides great value for money due to its durability. It is the full top layer of an animal’s hide with only the hair removed, so the entire grain of the skin (with all of its natural blemishes) is visible.