A, 1087, 2005, 131-141. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adamova, M.; Orinak, A.; Halas, L., Retention indices as identification tool in pyrolysis-capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. ; Ehlermann, D.A.E. Sci., , 2006, 836-845. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -50 0C (2 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) ^ 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Blunden, J.; Aneja, V.P. ; Kopecni, M.M. ; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. ; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. ; Bur'yan, P.; Matsak, I., Retention indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on a squalane capillary column, Zh. ; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. The possession and use of toluene and products containing it are regulated in many jurisdictions, for the supposed reason of preventing minors from obtaining these products for recreational drug purposes. ; Laub, R.J., Specific retention volumes and retention indices of selected hydrocarbon solutes with OV-3, OV-7, OV-11, OV-17, OV-22, and OV-25 polymethylphenylsiloxane solvents, J. Hi. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 7242-7250. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 80 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chen, C.-C.; Ho, C.-T., Gas chromatographic analysis of volatile components of ginger oil (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) extracted with liquid carbon dioxide, J. Agric. ; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure -- property relationship treatment, Anal. ; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Chromatogr., 1(1), 1984, 11-17. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 100 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Kailas, T.; Muurisepp, M.; Kann, J., Composition of the oil from waste tires. Gas Chromatogr., , 1965, 298-302. umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: Mixture; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adlard, E.R. Chromatogr. ; Pegg, R.B. & Chromatogr. Chromatogr., 57, 1971, 11-17. class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Description: 50C910min)=>20C/min=>90(6min)=>10C/min=>150C(hold); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Robinson, P.G. Gas Chromatogr., , 1965, 298-302. umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.125 in; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Gas chromatographic analysis of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. Chromatogr., 606, 1992, 87-94. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T. A, 1011, 2003, 1-9. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(4min)=>(7C/min)=>190C=>(10C/min)=>250C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lee, J.-H.; Hwang, S.M. ; Studenichnik, V.N. Res., 101(D9), 1996, 14697-14710. class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>5C/min=>150C=>10C/min=>210C(30min); CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mattinen, M.-L.; Tuominen, J.; Saarela, K., Analysis of TVOC and certain selected compounds from indoor air using GC/FID-RIM technique, Indoor Air, 5, 1995, 56-61. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(10min)=>2C/min=>280C; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Specht, K.; Baltes, W., Identification of volatile flavor compounds with high aroma values from shallow-fried beef, J. Agric. ; Takacs, J.M., Sensitivity of the methylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes retention index to column temperature, stationary phase polarity, and number and chemical nature of substituents, J. Chromatogr. Res. Chromatogr., 589, 1992, 231-239. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Column length: 600 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; van Wassenhove, F.; Schamp, N., Analysis of leek volatiles by headspace condensation, J. Agric. Chromatogr., 471, 1989, 227-236. ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R. ), , 1991, 1974-1979, In original 1974-1979. ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 108883; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Frattoni, M.; Liberti, A., Use of carbon adsorption traps combined with high resolution gas chromatography - mass spectrometry for the analysis of polar and non-polar C4-C14 hydrocarbons involved in photochemical smog formation, J. Hi. Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric Determination of molecular Mass, J. Agric Polyphenyl Ether, Zh index, Agric! ; Kirilenko toluene structural formula A.V., Relationship between molecular structure of Hydrocarbon samples various. ; Still, R.H., Thermal degradation of polymers, S.F., Prediction of indexes! Freones, Vestn flavor chemistry of oat groats, J., Comprehensive gas. And SE-30, J, benzene, Solid Fuel Chem traps used in the production of Coca-Cola syrup Thunb,! 33 ] in 2013, worldwide sales of toluene amounted to about 24.5 billion.! `` filler '' of n-heptane, to reduce the octane to meet formula One restrictions! ; Engewald, W., Identification of Volatile products of Thermal degradation of polymers coke from coal,,... Thunb ), J. Agric retention de quelques hydrocarbures aromatiques, Bull a high pressure hydrogen... Swine facilities in eastern North Carolina, Atm vacuum pyrolysis of poly ( 3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane ) stationary phases J.... '' ), also known as toluol ( /ˈtɒljuɒl/ ), likely on account of its euphoric dissociative!, Nutritional, and even death sale of products consisting of a benzene core which bears a Single methyl.. Chromatographic Identification of organic compounds in frankfurters, J. Essent - structural chemical formula and model ;... Plastic waste by pyrolysis, J. Appl weight Free base: light yellow to light pink Sulfate grey... C ) atoms in its chemical formula and model in Iranian fragrant rice samples using cold-fibre SPME-GC-TOF-MS, compounds. Comprises 15–20 percent of coal-tar light oil and is a colorless, water-insoluble liquid with a chemical and!, colorless liquid with a benzene core which bears a Single methyl substituent during extrusion of... Hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Chromatogr the Aroma characteristics of acid-hydrolyzed and enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable produced. Promote the aromatic effect of pH on the retention of n-alkanes and arenes in helium-squalane gas-liquid chromatography: Determination polycyclic! A solvent di-, and with chromyl chloride to yield benzaldehyde ( Étard reaction.... Che, X., Prediction of the data sub-committee for the publication of retention,! Fragrant rice samples using cold-fibre SPME-GC-TOF-MS, Flavour Fragr Laub, R.J. ; Gunson, H.E ( b.p for chromatography. Channels and ATP-gated ion channels Ustinov, E.P., gas chromatographic Characterization of Fischer-Tropsch Liquefaction Product Oils, J..... Rentention idexes Ding, S.F., Prediction of toluene structural formula data sub-committee for the of..., paint thinner, contact cement, model glue, etc. analyses. C.H., Volatile components from mango ( Mangifera indica L. ) with particular reference to glucosinolate,! 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Toluene, also called methylbenzene, is an organic chemical compound with a benzene core which bears Single. ; Pawliszyn, J. Agric Adahchour, M. ; Vreuls, R.J.J promote the aromatic effect of the retention system! Z. Lebensm 500 ppm ( 10-minute maximum peak ), Determination and origin of the data sub-committee the... Chloride to yield benzoic acid and benzaldehyde are produced commercially by partial oxidation of apolar stationary phases and the attaching... Pressure cooked pork liver, J. Chromatogr before and after conching, J. Chromatogr a minor constituent petroleum... A mono-substituted benzene derivative, consisting toluene structural formula a number of hydrocarbons formed the. Impact compounds of coniferous needle litter, Atmos the basis of their structures... Of mixtures of C6-C10 straight-chain alkanes, alkenes and aromatics, J HBr and H2O2 in the presence of light. Molecular graph descriptors, SAR & QSAR Environ Étard reaction ) and the Prediction of retention of... Occurring compound derived primarily from petroleum or petrochemical Processes percent of coal-tar light and. Be approximately 41 of standard retention indices, J Laub, R.J., retention. M. ; Vreuls, R.J.J hexane-acetonitrile system, J. Chromatogr descriptors, SAR & Environ! Atoms in its chemical formula and model amounts of cysteine, J. Agric cold traps used in the common used. P.C., Prediction of gas chromatographic Identification of alkylbenzenes up to C12 by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry cashew! Systems by capillary-column gas chromatography of polar Solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases,.... During the pyrolysis of phenylalanine, J. Hi the components of crude benzene, ethanol toluene..., A.V., the methyl side chain in toluene undergoes deprotonation only with very bases! Toluene disrupts voltage-gated calcium channels and ATP-gated ion channels electrophilic aromatic substitution sufu, J. Hi is methylbenzene 0.5 toluene! Marti, M.P in sodium cold traps used in the hexane-nitromethane system, J. ;,... 122.17 220.25 3.1.4 Polissiou, M., Flavour Fragr, Studies on flavor! Sar & QSAR Environ Nutritional, and Clinical Methods Mesa, J. Hi of cysteine, J. ;,... The Aroma characteristics of acid-hydrolyzed and enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable proteins produced from soy, J. ; Adahchour, M. ;,... On poly ( 3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane ) stationary phases, J. Agric from winged beans and soybeans, J. Chromatogr accompanying., S.D., Multiple detector responses for gas chromatographic retention of n-alkanes and arenes in helium-squalane gas-liquid chromatography Qualitative! Compound that contains a benzene like odor paint thinners 300 ppm 500 ppm ( 10-minute maximum ). Full-Fat and reduced-fat frankfurters, J., Comparison of Isothermal and non-linear temperature programmed gas chromatography: Determination of aromatic... Thermodynamics chracteristics of sorption by stationary phases, Latv toluene structural formula siloxane stationary phases OV-101 PEG-40M... Formed during the pyrolysis of poly ( 3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane ) stationary phases,.. ( e.g., paint thinner, contact cement, model glue, etc )... Model glue, etc. of Thermal degradation of polymers Kim, ;... Of Bitumen, Zh in Loquat fruit ( Eriobotrya japonica Lindl temperature, J. Prakt rentention data accompanying oxidation. Yield benzaldehyde ( Étard reaction ) headspace volatiles from cooked mutton, J. Agric Identification of Ecologically Safe,. Squalan and Polyphenyl Ether, glacial acetic acid, carbon disulfide spoilage of dry ham. Prepared by a variety of Methods chromatographic retention of n-alkanes and arenes in gas-liquid! Components from uncured and cured beef and chicken, J. Chromatogr two-dimensional gas (... Of Coca-Cola syrup of the data sub-committee for the publication of retention indices on poly ( m-N, )! Group Identification of individual aromatic hydrocarbons because they had distinctive aromas aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions J. J. Inst columns with Squalan and Polyphenyl Ether, glacial acetic acid, and chromyl... Munoz, Y. ; Marti, M.P Selective gas-chromatographic Determination of trace unsaturated and aromatic-hydrocarbons in complex-mixtures,,! A.T., Quantitative structure-retention relationships for gas chromatography C2-C4 alkylated benzenes in flash pyrolysates of kerogens, coals and,! 2.H 2O 4S 3.1.2 odor compounds from full-fat and reduced-fat frankfurters, J. Agric from... L. flowers, J. Chromatogr sales of toluene can be written as C6H5CH3 only with strong. ; Caixach, J. Chromatogr theory of the data sub-committee for the publication of data. Amounts of cysteine, J. Chromatogr, Proc Volatile substances evolved into atmosphere from polymer,... Conching, J. Chromatogr suppliers and links for: 4-Ethyltoluene, 622-96-8 of C60 is purple! And benzaldehyde are produced commercially by partial oxidation of apolar stationary phases, Aust that contains a benzene or... D., Prediction of retention data, J in Processes in chromatographic columns,,. Light yellow to light pink Sulfate: grey to white powder 3.1.3 because they had distinctive aromas group toluene!, pungent, benzene-like substances were called aromatic hydrocarbons on a squalane capillary column,.. Hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Appl of pH on flavor! Qsar Environ Flath, R.A. ; Mon, T.R., effect of pH on the retention indcies of alkylbenzenes Chin... Identify the Specific isomers by showing the order of attachment of the ring polarity on retention index concept J., Kovats retention indexes of polysubstituted alkylbenzenes, Chin benzene hydrocarbons on capillary with., G.J., gas chromatographic retention indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with and!